Asymmetric hydroboration of simple and unactivated terminal alkenes (α-olefins), feedstock chemicals derived from the petrochemical industry, has not been efficiently realized for past decades. Using a bulky ANIPE ligand, we achieved a rare example of highly enantioselective copper-catalyzed Markovnikov hydroboration of α-olefins. The chiral secondary alkylboronic ester products were obtained in moderate to good yields and regioselectivities with excellent enantioselectivities.
Azobenzenes are among the most extensively used molecular switches for many different applications. The need to tailor them to the required task often requires further functionalization. Cross-coupling reactions are ideally suited for late-stage modifications. This review provides an overview of recent developments in the modification of azobenzene and its derivatives by cross-coupling reactions.
2 Azobenzenes as Formally Electrophilic Components