Numerous diseases cross paths between the upper gastrointestinal tract and the cardiovascular system, such as unusual fistulae, herniations, and embolisms. This review highlights these conditions and the shared anatomy and embryology of the two organ systems.
Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is caused by a congenital absence of elastic and muscular tissue in the aortic wall with a higher incidence in Eastern populations. Its dangers lie in the development of aortic valve regurgitation and perforation into mainly the right ventricle or atrium. A group from Korea describes their experience with 71 patients and a tailored surgical approach.
Literature on lung resections for malignancies in the elderly is scarce. Here 94 patients over the age of 80 years were analyzed. Mortality as well as mid-term survival were surprisingly low with parenchymal sparing techniques having been frequently employed.